health, safety and environment has its own terms, abbreviations and acronyms. for example (HSE) is the acronym for Health Safety and Environment. let’s keep this in mind because we would use it more often.
in some cases, the terms occur in everyday speech but in HSE, some have different shades of meaning to their common usage.
I’m going to express these definitions in the simplest possible terms.
Accident: an undesired event resulting in death, injury, damage to health, damage to property or other form of loss.
carcinogen: substance that is known or suspected of causing cancer.
catalyst: a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected by the reaction.
chronic: occurring over an extended period of time.
competent person: a person who is appropriately trained, qualified, experienced and skilled to undertake specific health and safety duties without risk to their own safety or that of others.
Designated person: a person who has been designated as a first aider at work and has been trained to have the knowledge and confidence to deal with any first aid emergency.
Dose: the amount of substance to which a person is exposed in terms of the concentration of the substance and the time period during which the exposure occurs
Environment: the surrounding made up of man, plants, terrestrial and aquatic animals natural habitat etc
Hazard: anything that has potential to harm is a hazard
Health: a state of complete physical, mental and social well being
Incident or near miss: a generic term for those events that do not cause harm but which might have done so under different circumstances.
Risk: it is the probability/likelihood that a specified undesirable event will occur combined with the severity of the consequence.
Risk management: the introduction of change or control measure with the intention of eliminating or bringing the level of risk associated with a hazard within acceptable limits.
Safety: the state of being safe.
Security: the protection of people, environment and asset against attack and damage.
Toxic: substance that cause irritation or are harmful to health such as carcinogens and poison.
Toxicity: the potential for a substance to be harmful to health
Unsafe act: actions that introduce some form of hazards or have the potential to release hazards.
Acronyms of HSE
ABC: Airways, breathing and circulation (blood)
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
CO: Carbon monoxide
CPR: Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
CNS: Central Nervous System
EA: Environmental Agency
EHO: Environmental Health Officer
H&S: Health & Safety
HIV: Human immune virus
HSC: Health and Safety Commission
IOSH: Institution of Occupational Safety & Health
NHS: National Health Service
NDLEA: National Drug Law Enforcement Agency
NFPA: National Fire Protection Agency
NRCS: Nigeria Red Cross Society
NISP: Nigerian Institute Of Safety Professionals
UNDCP: United Nation Drug Control Policy
WHO: World Health Organisation.
Till I spill again
Safety Officer A.Jolade